Web developers today speak of frameworks, cores, web apps, and integrations but they hardly spare a word for the language all these are built upon: HTML. The HyperText Markup Language has been with us since the very beginning of the World Wide Web and has evolved together with the internet to offer an easy and incredibly usable way to create web pages. Without them, no website could exist – even those built entirely in Flash (there were quite a few back in the day) needed it to embed their interactive animations. HTML is everywhere, from the search results of Google to mobile web apps. Now, 25 years after its first implementation, let’s take a brief look at its history.
HyperText Markup Language was first proposed by the famed inventor of the World Wide Web, Sir Timothy John “Tim" Berners-Lee. He built this simple markup language based on SGMLguid, the standard documentation format used internally at CERN. The first publicly available description of the language only contained 18 elements, all of them inspired by SGMLguid with the exception of the hyperlink tag.